KREMLIN TOUR – 4 hours
Kremlin Grounds + Armoury Museum + Diamond Fund
CLOSED ON THURSDAYS (!)
- Kremlin Grounds + Armoury + Diamond Fund
- Arsenal and Senat Palace
- Helicopter Platform of Putin
- Assumption Cathedral (visit)
- Armoury Museum (visit)
- Diamond Fund (visit)
Our guide will pick you up from your hotel reception and bring you to the entrance of the Kremlin via the Subway. (Subway tickets are included.) Just head inside the castle-like fortress of Kremlin and begin your memorable Kremlin Tour with our guide.
Arsenal is a large elongated trapezoid two-story building on the territory of the Kremlin. It was built by Russian and German architects as a Museum for War Trophies during the reign of Peter the Great. You will see a lot of cannons from the 19th century along its façade. Most of the cannons were captured during the war against Napoleon in 1812. Find out, how the building is used today?
STATE KREMLIN PALACE
“State Kremlin Palace – Most beautiful building kept in a pristine state.” It is the last building which was constructed in the Moscow Kremlin. This monumental building is considered as one of the main symbols of the Soviet epoch. Kremlin Palace was built by the order of Nikita Khrushchev for holding meetings of the Communist Party. Featuring modern glass and concrete design, the State Kremlin Palace has a huge auditorium for 6000 visitors. Presently, it is used for official events and popular concerts, ballet performances and festivals. Discover what kind of emblem decorates the façade of the Palace at present?
Go to this classical masterpiece of Moscow Kremlin with our guide. The Senate Palace, commissioned by Catherine the Great, was designed and built by Matvey Kazakov in the 18th century. The building is triangular in shape with truncated corners and has two huge auditoriums – Georgean and Ekaterininsky. These auditoriums are used for formal receptions. Today, the Senate Palace is an Official Working Residence of the Russian President. Discover, where does the President of Russia live?
The Tsar Cannon – a unique item of the Kremlin’s artillery collection. The Tsar Cannon was created by Russian cannon-caster Andrei Chokhov at the end of the 16th century. It is the world’s biggest cannon and the symbol of Russian military glory. Initially, the Tsar Cannon was located in the Red Square near the Spasskiye Gate but in 1706 it was moved into the Kremlin and is now located on the west side of Ivanovskaya Square near the Tsar Bell. The barrel of the cannon is decorated with inscriptions, which tell about its history. Discover, why the lion on the cannon’s carriage weeps?
The Tsar Bell – a masterpiece of the Russian casting technology of the 18th century – was casted on the order of Empress Anna Ivanovna – the niece of Peter the Great. It is 5.5 meters high and its weight is 200 tons – the Largest Bell you will find in the world! The Tsar Bell’s exterior is decorated with bas-relief portraits of Russian rulers and saints; vegetation ornament in the baroque style; and inscriptions that tell the story of the bell. Find out, why a huge piece of the bell broke off?
The Cathedral Square is the heart of the Kremlin. The Square owes its name to the great Cathedrals that stand here – Cathedral of the Assumption, Cathedral of the Archangel, and Cathedral of the Annunciation. It is also dominated by the Church of the Twelve Apostles, the Church of the Deposition of the Robe and the Palace of Facets. This Square is a historical place as the Cathedrals around it played an important role in the past centuries. Cathedral Square was once used for solemn coronation and funeral processions of all the Russian Tsars, patriarchs and others. Find out how the Cathedral Square is used today?
THE ASSUMPTION CATHEDRAL
Next visit the Kremlin’s oldest church. Assumption Cathedral is a special Cathedral for Russia. It was built at the end of the 15th century by an Italian architect Aristotle Fioravanti. Coronations of all Russian Tsars and Emperors were held here. Our guide will show you its peculiar corners and tell the secrets of its iconic wall. Discover what event is depicted on the west wall of the Cathedral?
IVAN THE GREAT BELL TOWER
Ivan the Great Bell Tower is the highest structure on the territory of the Kremlin. The Bell Tower and the adjoining Assumption Belfry were used by all the three Cathedrals of the Cathedral Square as they do not have their own belfries. According to Russian Church tradition, there should be a bell ring before the beginning of the service and after it ends. Find out what kind of the middle century tradition was connected with Ivan the Great Bell Tower?
GREAT KREMLIN PLACE
In the middle centuries, the Great Kremlin Palace was the residence place of Russian Tsars and Emperors. The Palace was built at the order of Tsar Nicholas I by renowned architect Konstantin Ton in the middle of the 19th century. There are five halls and 270 rooms inside of the palace. Presently, these rooms are closed for visitors. Find out why?
Faceted Chamber was built at the end of the 15th century by Italian architect Marco Friazin. The Chamber was given its name after the architectural design of the façade, which has a peculiar stone ornamentation coated with faceted white-stone blocks. The ornamentation has facets and resembles fish scales. The walls and vaults of the Chamber are covered with murals. Discover what was the main role of the Faceted Chamber in the middle centuries?
KREMLIN GARDEN & PRESIDENT’s HELICOPTER PLATFORM
Kremlin Garden is a beautiful corner of the Kremlin with flowerbeds, fountains and benches. Our guide will show you the helicopter platform of the President of Russian Federation, which can be seen from the Garden. One highlight of this garden is an oak tree named “Cosmos.” Find out who planted it and when?
The Armoury Chamber is a part of the Grand Kremlin Palace – the residence place of Russian Emperors. Armoury Chamber is the oldest Russian Museum and a national Treasury. Its collection was formed within several centuries. This world-wide known treasure-house hosts ancient Russian state regalia, church utensils, ceremonial vestments and gold and silver relics. During the tour, our guide will show you the most peculiar items of the collection and tell the background stories associated with them.
ARMOURY CHAMBER COLLECTION
The collection of Armoury Museum includes precious things which belonged to Russian Tsars and Emperors and to the Russian Orthodox Church. Crowns, thrones, Russian arms, jewelry, rich fabrics, parade harnesses, silver and gold services. These things were multiplied during the centuries and later became the property of the state from being personal and dynastic processions.
Observe the collection of Church gowns which were worn by Russian Metropolitans and Patriarchs. All of them were made out of rich fabrics and decorated with gold and silver embroidery, pearls and precious stones. Usually, the figures in the church gowns have repeated icon motives. Icons depict a variety of events from the life of Jesus Christ or are images of Saints or Virgin Mary. However, some of the designs in the gowns go away from this tradition and depict a double-headed Eagle. Discover how did it happen that church gowns were decorated with the political emblem of the State?
The Armoury preserves a very valuable collection of ancient thrones. The most sumptuous and valuable throne in the museum’s collection is the Diamond Throne. The throne is made out of sandalwood and covered with golden and silver plates and decorated with 876 diamonds, hence, got its name – the Diamond Throne. It was made by Persian masters in the middle of the 17th century. It is one of the richest and most finely decorated thrones in the collection – the ownership of the Russian Tsar Alexei Romanov. Find out, how much did the Tsar paid for this throne?
GOLDEN CAP OF MONOMACHUS
Till the era of Peter the Great, all Russian Tsars where coroneted with the Golden Cap of Monomachos. This Cap was used only once in a life of the ruler – during the Coronation Ceremony. It is made out of several golden plates put together, elaborately ornamented with fine jeweler elements such as filigree, golden seeds, pearls and precious stones.
COLLECTION OF CORONATION DRESSES
This collection was founded under the commandment of Peter the Great, who saw similar assemblages during his study in Europe. This collection will help you to know more about the life stories of Russian rulers and learn curious facts about them. Discover how Catharine the Great, being of a German origin, managed to become the Empress of Russia?
PRECIOUS COVERS FOR BIBLES
There is a centuries-old tradition of decorating Bibles in a precious way in Russia. The oldest Cover for the Bible in the collection of the Armoury Museum dates back to the beginning of the 15th century. Covers are considered as the jeweler masterpieces as they show the mastery of Russian jewelers and the development of goldsmithery in the country. Discover when did Russian masters start to facet precious stones?
Ready to get amazed by seeing these jeweled Easter eggs! One of the main highlights of the Armoury Museum tour is Faberge Eggs. Today, these masterpieces are a symbol of luxury and wealth. The tradition to present Faberge Eggs to wife on Easter was started by the Russian Emperor Alexander III. The idea caught fancy and was continued by his followers. Faberge Firm produced 50 Eggs by the order of Russian Emperors. Unfortunately, after the Revolution, many of them were sold abroad or simply lost, but 10 Emperor Faberge Eggs have been preserved and now belong to the collection of the Armoury Museum.
Diamond Fund is one of museums situated on the territory of the Kremlin – at the same building as the Armoury Museum. The Fund dates back to the Russian Crown treasury instituted by Emperor – Peter the Great of Russia – in 1719. At the beginning, it was a special Room where all Crown Jewels were stored and kept under three locks. Today, the state collection of the Diamond Fund is placed in 2 halls. The first hall demonstrates unique collection of national treasures including platinum nuggets from Ural, Yakut diamonds, several uncut precious and semi-precious stones and Russia’s map which is made of diamonds. The second hall called the Historical Hall showcases “Seven Wonders.” This seven precious stones collection includes diamond “Shah,” Earl Orlov diamond, and Ceylon blue sapphire. Find out other precious stonesof the collection in the second hall. We will provide you with tickets for a self-tour.
After the Tour, our guide will take you back to the hotel or any other place in the central part of Moscow you would like to go via the Subway.