Arsenal is the largest structure on the Kremlin’s territory. It was built by the order of the Russian most famous tsar – Peter the Great. In the 18th century it had to be the museum of War Trophies. Today the trophies cannons are staying along its façade – as the symbol of the Russian Army glory it evinced during the Great Patriotic War 1812 against Napoleon. Find out, what is the main purpose of Arsenal today?
STATE KREMLIN PALACE
Opposite to Arsenal you will see the State Kremlin Palace – a modern glass and concrete structure built on the Kremlin’s territory in 1961. Nikita Khrustchov headed the Soviet Union at that time. He wanted to have a place to host Communist Party congresses. For this purpose a huge auditorium room for 6000 visitors was arranged inside the Palace. Today, the State Kremlin Palace serves as a venue for a variety of performances such as ballets, concerts and New Years Festivals. Find out, what kind of emblem decorates the façade of the Palace?
Who haven’t dreamed of meeting Russian President Putin during their visit to the Kremlin? Many tourists think that the Head of the world’s largest nation lives on the territory of the Kremlin. However, it is not true! He neither lives nor does he come here every day as his daily working residence is not located in the Kremlin. However, his Official Working Residence is situated in Kremlin – in the Senat Palace – the next point you will observe with our guide. Senat Palace was built by the order of Catharine the Great in the 18th century for the Senat department that helped the Empress to govern the country. Today, President Putin meets with foreign leaders in one of the grandiose halls of Senat Palace when they come for an official visit to Russia. On the Senat’s cupola you will see the flag of Russia – discover, how does it look like?
A masterpiece of the casting technology and oldest Russian craft industry – majestic Tsar Cannon is the most popular attraction in the Moscow Kremlin. It was casted in bronze in 1586 at the Cannon Yard by a Russian craftsman A. Chokhov. Tsar Cannon has been included into the Guinness Book of Records. Its weight is about 40 tons, and is intended to fire stone balls weighing about 800kg. Discover, whose image is depicted in the center of its carriage?
Everybody knows that Russia is the largest country in the world as far as its geographical boundaries are concerned. Maybe because of this fact Russians like everything big! They have both the largest Cannon and the largest Bell in the world! A giant Tsar Bell is another gem of Russian casting industry with a height of about 6 meters and weight about 200 tons. It was a work of Russian craftsmen – Ivan Motorin and his son Mikhail Motorin – who lived in the first half of the 18th century. Tsar Bell had to replace the previous bell that fell down from Assumption Belfry and cracked into pieces. Discover, how the Bell was damaged during the period of engraving works?
The oldest square of the Kremlin is its Sobornaya (or Cathedral) Square. It is framed by the golden domes of the Cathedral ensemble from end of 15th to early 16th centuries: Assumption Cathedral – the oldest Cathedrals in Moscow, Archangel Michael Cathedral and Annunciation Cathedral. Grand Kremlin Palace which is the residence place of Russian Tsars and Faceted Chamber can be seen from the Cathedral Square. The architectural ensemble of the Kremlin is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Find out, who was the architect of the Archangel Michael Cathedral and why he decorated its façade with sea plains?
The Assumption Cathedral is the oldest and the biggest of Kremlin’s many churches. It was built under the guidance of the Italian architect Aristotle Fioravanti at the end of the 15th century. The Cathedral of the Assumption served as the primary church of Russian Orthodoxy and as the site for victory services and coronations for a long time. Our guide will bring you inside and show its amazing interiors and curious corners. Discover, what happened to the Cathedral when Napoleon occupied Moscow Kremlin?
IVAN THE GREAT BELL TOWER
Ivan the Great Bell Tower was affiliated with the Church of St. Ivan of the Ladder-under-the Bell and hence the name ‘Ivan’ had been used in the title. The Bell Tower was named “Great” because of its dimensions – it has a total height of 81 meters. In 1600 Boris Godunov ordered to raise the height of the Tower. For two centuries it was the tallest building in Moscow till the end of the 19th century when Christ the Savior Cathedral was erected. Find out, what is written with the golden letters on one of the upper parts of Ivan the Great Bell Tower?
GRAND KREMLIN PALACE
Constructed in the middle of the 19th century by Russian architect Konstantin Ton, the Grand Kremlin Palace is 125 meters long and consists of several parts from different centuries that were united by the architect in one structure. It has around 700 rooms and 5 grand halls that had been named after the main Russian orders – Georgievsky, Vladimirsky, Alexandrovsky, Andreevsky and Ekaterininsky. The Palace used to be an official residence for the Imperial family during their visits to Moscow. Today, it is used for official and diplomatic meetings, and is also the Official Residence of the Russian President. Discover, how many floors does the Palace have?
Another masterpiece of Italian architects – the Faceted Chamber was built at the end of the 15th century. Its eastern façade is decorated with faceted stones – that is why it was called “Faceted” Chamber. Russian Tsars and Emperors used to celebrate here important events – victories, coronations and marriage ceremonies. The Chamber has 2 floors that are not connected with each other. On the 2d floor there is a huge dining hall with 495 square meters in area. Discover, how the Faceted Chamber is used today?
KREMLIN’S GARDEN AND HELICOPTER PLATFORM
Kremlin’s Garden, also known as the Secret (Tainitsky) Garden, lies left to the south wall of the Kremlin facing the bench of Moscow-River. According to historical chronicles, there were four fountains in the Garden. In 2008, it was decided to make at least one fountain with the name “Bird of Happiness” with a figure of peacock bird as the symbol of happiness. From the Garden’s alley you will be able to see the Helicopter Landing Pad used by the Russian President.